Demography is the study of the basic demographic processes of fertility, mortality, and migration and their consequences for population distributions of various kinds including age and sex composition and the spatial distribution of population. The subfield of social demography examines the intersection of demography with social distributions and dynamics, particularly population composition and differences in demographic distributions by race/ethnicity and socioeconomic status. Demographic analysis draws on a specialized set of methods and models including life table analysis; survival analysis; measurement of demographic rates, ratios, and population composition; stable population theory; decomposition analysis; mathematical and simulation models; and a wide range of related methods and techniques of analysis.
Examples of topics studied include trends in population growth and how it is shaped by the components of fertility, mortality, and migration; spatial distribution of population; immigration; age and sex composition of the population; residential segregation of social groups including racial and ethnic groups and socioeconomic groups; socioeconomic distributions, poverty, and inequality; and how social outcomes of different kinds are impacted by demographic distributions and processes. The Department has strengths in both quantitative and qualitative analysis of demographic outcomes and processes. Regarding areas of substantive focus, the Department has particular strengths in the demography of China and East Asia; the demography of racial and ethnic groups broadly and the Latino/a population in particular; international migration; residential segregation and spatial assimilation; and poverty and socioeconomic inequality.
The department’s strength in demography is further strengthened by the presence of the Texas Census Research Data Center on campus.
- Mark Fossett – Racial and Ethnic Relations, Social Inequality, Social Demography, Urban Sociology
- Dudley Poston – Demography, Human Ecology, Quantitative Methods, China & Korea, Sex & Gender
- Arthur Sakamoto – Social mobility and class stratification, Labor markets, Racial and ethnic inequality, Economic sociology, Japanese studies