Demography is the study of the basic demographic processes of fertility, mortality, and migration and their consequences for population distributions of various kinds including age and sex composition and the spatial distribution of population. Social demography expands the focus of demography to additionally examine the intersection of demography with social distributions and dynamics, particularly population composition and differences in demographic distributions by race/ethnicity and socioeconomic status. Demographic analysis draws on a specialized set of techniques, methods and models including life table analysis; survival analysis; measurement of demographic rates, ratios, and population composition; stable population theory; decomposition analysis; mathematical and simulation models; and a wide range of related methods and techniques of analysis.
Examples of topics studied include trends in population growth and how it is shaped by the components of fertility, mortality, and migration and immigration; spatial distribution of population; causes and consequences of immigration; age and sex composition of the population; residential segregation of social groups including racial and ethnic groups and socioeconomic groups; socioeconomic distributions, poverty, and inequality; and how social outcomes of different kinds are impacted by demographic distributions and processes. Regarding areas of substantive focus, the Department has particular strengths in the demography of China and East Asia; the demography of racial and ethnic groups, demography of sexual orientation, residential segregation and spatial assimilation; immigration, and demographic aspects of labor force, poverty and socioeconomic inequality.
Opportunities to conduct advanced demographic research are enhanced by the presence of the Texas Federal Statistical Research Data Center on campus.
Core Faculty (offer seminars in demography)
Ernesto Amaral – Social Demography, Migration and Immigration, Population Health, Public Policy Analysis
Mary Campbell – Racial and Ethnic Inequality, Racial and Ethnic Measurement, Health
Mark Fossett – Racial and Ethnic Relations, Segregation and Social Inequality, Social Demography, Urban Sociology
Dudley Poston – Demography, Human Ecology, Quantitative Methods, China & Korea, Sex & Gender
Arthur Sakamoto – Social Mobility and Class Stratification, Labor Markets, Racial and Ethnic Inequality, Economic Sociology, Japanese Studies
Contributing Faculty in Sociology (have overlapping interests, may offer cross-listed seminars)
Pat Goldsmith – Sociology of Education, Race and Ethnic Relations, US-Mexico Border, Quantitative Methods
Theresa Morris – Organizations, Political Sociology, Gender, Reproduction and Birth
Edward Murguia – Latina/o Sociology, Drug Use, Marriage and Family
Heili Pals – Social Psychology, Deviance, Transition to Adulthood, Life Course, Inequality, Health, Gay and Lesbian Studies, Transitional Societies, Quantitative Research
Nancy Plankey-Videla – Sociology of Work, Gender, Globalization & Development, Latin America, Qualitative Methods, Immigration
Kazuko Suzuki – International Migration, Race and Ethnic Relations, Gender, Asian/Asian-American Studies
Warren Waren – Demography of Gender and Sexuality, Social Inequality, Graphical Information Systems (GIS), Urban and Spatial Demography
Contributing Faculty Outside of Sociology (offering relevant courses and frequently serving on committees for demography majors and minors)
Bethany Desalvo (US Census Bureau and TAMU Graduate Faculty) – fertility, mortality, restricted data, social demography
Maria Perez-Patron (Public Health-Epidemiology and Biostatistics) – demographic methods, reproductive health, migration & family formation, immigrant health, minority aging
Oi-man Kwok (Education-Educational Psychology) – health related quality of life, longitudinal data analysis, mediation analysis